Who is a mandatory reporter?
Under Title IX, “responsible employees” with authority to take action to redress sexual violence, or who have been deemed mandated reporters by their institutions, or who students reasonably could believe have authority or responsibility over such matters, are required to report discrimination.
What if a sexual misconduct happens off campus?
All students are covered under Title IX even off campus.
Can an undocumented student or international student file a complaint?
Yes. Title IX protects all students attending institutions in the United States that are recipients of federal funds, regardless of national origin, international status, or citizenship status.
What is the University's responsibility under Title IX?
- The university has a responsibility to respond promptly and effectively. If the university knows or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or sexual violence that creates a hostile environment, the school must take immediate action to eliminate the sexual harassment or sexual violence, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects.
- Even if a student or his or her parent does not want to file a complaint or does not request that the university take any action on the student’s behalf, if the university knows or reasonably should know about possible sexual harassment or sexual violence, it must promptly investigate to determine what occurred and then take appropriate steps to resolve the situation.
- A criminal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment or sexual violence does not relieve the university of its duty under Title IX to resolve complaints promptly and equitably.
Does Title IX protect students from retaliation?
A university or college’s grievance procedures for handling discrimination complaints must comply with the prompt and equitable requirements of Title IX. To ensure students can invoke these grievance procedures without fear of reprisal, Title IX also prohibits the university and others, including students, from retaliating against any individual “for the purpose of interfering with any right or privilege secured by [Title IX],” or because that individual “has made a complaint, testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing” under Title IX. Prohibited retaliatory acts include intimidation, threats, coercion, or discrimination against any such individual. Schools therefore should take steps to prevent any retaliation against a student who makes a complaint or any student who provides information regarding the complaint. At a minimum, under Title IX and Title IV, the school must ensure that complainants and their parents, if appropriate, know how to report any subsequent problems, and should follow up with complainants to determine whether any retaliation or new incidents of harassment have occurred.
Are there legal or other professional help available for survivors?
Yes. In the menu under How Do I Get Help lists different resources available for survivors.