UNITED STATES ROLLING STOCK COMPANY
United States Rolling Stock Company was
founded in 1883 by A. Hegewisch. There is confusing information about
the founder of the company, and it is difficult to determine whether his
name is Adolph or Achilles.
His dream was to have a successful business similar to the one that
Pullman had created. When he became president, in 1882, of the United
States Rolling Stock Company, he bought 100 acres to build this company
and later he bought 1,500 acres, north and northeast of the company, so
he could sell lots for houses to the employees that would work for him.
These employees built their houses on this area and created a town that
was named after Hegewisch. This town became an important part of
the company. The purpose of United States Rolling Stock Company was
to build railroad cars. However the company was never as successful
as Pullman's company was and soon was sold.
In 1912 the company changed its
name to Western Steel Car & Foundry, which made electric steel, grey
iron, and malleable iron. Finally, the company changed its name to
Pressed Steel Car Company.
Yards at Western Steel During WW I
At the outbreak of World War I, in 1914,
industry needed to provide materials to improve transportation. Pressed
Steel had to produce equipment for rail lines within war zones. The
company also provided Russia with 12,000 cars, including gondolas, box
cars, flatcars, and passenger cars.
Big Shot Cannon Produced at Pressed Steel for WW II
In 1940, during World War II, Pressed
Steel started to produce large quantities of M-4 armored tanks and allied
war materials for the war effort. Also, from 1942 through 1945, many
women started to work in the heavy industry.
Pressed Steel Car Company received an award for their excellent job
in producing tanks on September 10, 1942.
In 1956, Pressed Steel was bought
by U.S. Steel after it went out of business and closed. U.S. Steel
used the property as a supply warehouse and it is currently in use as a
City Industrial Park.
Adolfo Hegewisch, nephew of Hegewisch's
founder, visits Pressed Steel
Click on the links at the left to tour
Chicago's Hegewisch Community.