Memorial Day Massacre
The Memorial Day Massacre
of 1937 took the lives of 10 steel workers and injured 105. The Steel
Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC) organized a peaceful protest
that was to take place on Memorial Day in 1937. The SWOC was attempting
to organize the steel workers into an industrial union. When
the company refused to recognize the union the workers went out on strike.
The workers were striking against Republic Steel, part of the group of
steel companies known as "Little Steel", who did not want to grant them
union recognition. The workers met at sam's Club on 112th and Green
Bay Avenue and decided to picket in front of the Republic steel main gate.
When the group arrived at 116th Street, a line of police officers, about
300 ft. wide, met them. The workers tried to talk to the police about
letting them picket in front of the main gate. What happened next
is unknown, but the police opened fire on the crowd. Gas bombs and
shots were fired at the crowd. As the police move forward at the
crowd, they began to club and beat them to the ground. They then
started to arrest peopleand throw them into patrol wagons. Some were
seriouly wounded. When the day ended, 4 people were killed, 6 would
later die in the hospital, and 30 suffered gunshot wounds.
Scenes from the Memorial Day Massacre, 1937
Strikers and Police Meet
The Massacre Begins
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