Territorial and Ethnic Parishes of the Catholic Church
The Catholic Church in Chicago established two types of parishes. The territorial parish had specific territorial boundaries and were typically set up for English speaking Catholics, usually Irish Catholics. As other Catholic ethnic groups came to the city, the Archdiocese set up nonterritorial, national or ethnic parishes for Catholics who spoke other languages. Prior to the Vatican II Council, the mass was said in Latin in all Catholic parishes but sermons, church bulletins, catechism books, and social events were usually conducted in the native language of the parishioners. The map shown above was created by a French priest from Montreal, who was doing post graduate research on Chicago Catholic churches. It reflects the location of the national or ethnic parishes within the boundaries of the territorial parishes of the Southeast Side. On the Southeast Side, St. Patrick (109), St. Kevin (76), St. Columba (32), St. Francis De Sales (51), St. Bride (20), Annunciata (11), and Our Lady Gate of Heaven (96) were territorial parishes . Immaculate Conception (161), Sts. Peter and Paul (207), St. Michael (172), St. Joseph (228), St. George (269), St. Florian (153), St. John the Baptist (245), St. Mary Magdalene (170), Sacred Heart (265), Our Lady of Guadalupe (274), and St. Bronislava (146) were ethnic or national parishes.

Concluding Thoughts

This booklet is only one outcome of a Cultural Institutions Project by the Museology Program during the 2001-2002 school year. A very successful tour was conducted for the Cultural Connections Program on May 18, 2002. Materials were added to the Southeast History web site (www.neiu.edu/~reseller). The Project gathered and organized materials relating to community churches. These materials are on file at the Southeast Historical Museum located in the Calumet Park Field House at 9801 S. Avenue in Chicago. A 2003 historical calendar with more recent photos of the churches in this booklet is planned. The Southeast Historical Museum continues to acquire historical materials relating to the history of this community. If readers have any materials which they would like to donate or loan to the museum for copying, please contact the museum. Regular museum hours are 1:00-4:00 PM on Thursdays and the first Sunday of the month from 12:00 to 3:00 PM.

Previous Page                                                                                                                         Return to Title Page