PRINCIPLES
OF HYDROGEOLOGY
ESCI
337
Spring,
2011
Course Syllabus
The online
version
of this syllabus will be updated several times per week as we move
through
the semester. Check frequently for updates!
Course Description: Introduction to the theory and
principles
of ground water flow as well as streamflow. Topics include the
hydrologic
equation, evapotranspiration, well drilling and testing, porosity and
permeability,
Darcy's law, confined and unconfined aquifers, flow nets, geology of
ground
water occurrence, water table maps, geophysical exploration methods,
well
logs, streamflow, and hydrographs (4 credit hours). (From
the NEIU catalog.) 
Outline
of Topics
v
Reading
assignments listed here are for the Fetter textbook.
v
Click
on the date to see a list of objectives for that class period.
These
will be updated at least twice weekly, just before or just after each
class.
JAN 11 Course overview.
The hydrologic cycle. Solving quantitative problems. Rain barrels and stormwater
management.
Read:
Chapter 1. 
JAN 13 Solving
quantitative problems; rain barrels continued. Read: p. 2447, 5557. 
JAN 18 Homeworks #1 and #2 are due. Uncertainty in
scientific measurement. What makes water
flow? 
JAN 20 Water
budgets and the
hydrologic equation. Water
flow: lab explorations.

JAN 25 Water flow: lab explorations, continued. Homework #3 is due. 
JAN 27 Water
flow: lab explorations, continued.

FEB 1 NEIU is closed due to the blizzard. 
FEB 3 NEIU is closed due to the blizzard.

FEB 8
Hydraulic properties of porous materials: porosity, effective
porosity, specific yield, specific retention, permeability,
hydraulic conductivity. Read: p. 6895. Read:
p. 6890.

FEB 10
Hydraulic properties of rocks and sediments, continued. Water table,
vadose zone, capillary fringe, phreatic zone.
Hydraulic head, pressure head, elevation head.
Flow nets. Read: p. 113147. 
FEB
15 Hydrostratigraphy:
aquifers and
aquitards. Wells and piezometers. Homework #4 is due.

FEB 17
Flow nets and hydraulic head, continued.
EXAM #1 will be distributed near the end of class today.

FEB
22 Hydraulic
gradient. Flow nets. 
FEB
24 Flow
nets. Identifying
boundaries to flow systems. Read:
p. 100108, Chapter 4 (esp. pages 132138). Making
and
interpreting water level maps. Hydrostratigraphy. 
MAR 1 Hydrogeologic
cross sections and maps. Piezometers.
Read: Chapter 7 and p. 297300.
Homework
#5 is due. 
MAR 3 Darcy's Law. Finding
well boring data for Illinois. Plotting
well locations. 
MAR 8 Work
on your hydrogeologic cross section. 
MAR
10 Using geologic maps. Drawing a hydrogeologic
cross section. Read:
Chapter 7. 
MAR
15 Evaluating cross sections. Glacial deposits. 
MAR 17 Conceptual models; ground water modeling. Designing
grids for numerical
models. Read: p. 132138 and
Chapter
13.
Download Dr.
Steven Esling's Graphic
Groundwater here. 
MAR 22 Spring Break; no class 
MAR 24 Spring Break; no class 
MAR 29 Stresses
on aquifers: pumping, recharge,
discharge.
Read:
Chapter
13.

MAR 31
Hydrostratigraphy and models. 
APR 5
Ground water modeling: particle tracking, capture zones/recharge areas.
Your model should run today! 
APR 7 EXAM #2 
APR 12 Evaluating models; sensitivity
analyses. 
APR 14
Completing your modeling project. 
APR 19 Ground water chemistry. Intro to ground
water contamination and remediation. Capstone
project: introduction. Find Plume
Busters here. 
APR 21 Modeling project paper is due.
Ground water contamination and remediation, continued. 
APR 26
Capstone project, continued. Find
Plume
Busters here. 
APR 28
Remediation. Well construction. Capstone project, continued. 
MAY 3 Exam period:
6:007:50 pm.
Capstone project papers due. 

Course
Requirements
Attendance at all lecture and
lab
sessions is expected. Please bring the following to class every
day:
§ Your textbook
and notebook.
§ A scientific
calculator or computer, pencil, eraser, ruler, and a colored pencil (optional)any
color is fine.
§ Optional: when
we work with topographic maps, you might find it convenient to use a
map
scale, or engineer's scale. These threesided rulers make
measuring
distances on topo maps much easier. If you buy one,
be sure
to
get an engineer's scale (divided into tenths and then subdivided)
and
not
an architect's scale
(divided into halves, quarters, eighths,
sixteenths,
and so on).
EMail: Students must maintain a
valid
email
account (either through NEIU or another email service) and must pick up
messages
at least every few days. Email will be used to make announcements about
the course.
Exams and Quizzes: Two exams
will
be given; dates are shown on the outline
of
topics. Quizzes given will be announced in advance.
Homework:
Some homework and labs will be completed and handed in by
teams.
Assignments and due dates will be posted on the course
outline
and on the
homework
page. Each paper handed in should list only the names of the
students
who participated in producing the final product. Team members
should
first outline the solutions to problems on their own, and then should
work
together to complete the solutions. Only one grade will be
assigned
per team. When
solving
quantitative problems, be sure to use the hints linked to this
syllabus.
Modeling Project:
In the project, which we will work on for several weeks, you
will construct, test, and use a numerical
ground water model that will allow you to delineate a wellhead
protection
area of a community water supply well in Illinois. Several
homework assignments will deal directly with this
project.
The final product of this project will be a report describing the
geologic and
hydrogeologic
setting, the ground water model, and the fiveyear recharge area for
the
well(s) in the study.
Capstone Project:
In the
capstone project, you will act as a consultant in an online simulation
of a site with ground water contamination. You will be given a
budget and timeline and will design a remediation program to clean up
the aquifer. Your grade will be based on the degree of
remediation you achieve and how well you stick to the budget and
schedule, and your written report. The final product will include a cover letter and
consulting report.
Instructor
Contact Information
Instructor: Dr.
Laura L. Sanders Email:
This is the fastest and
best way to reach me! LSanders
[at] neiu.edu Office hours: Tuesday
4:005:10 pm, 7:208:00 pm
Thursday 4:005:10 pm, 8:108:30 pm
Friday 4:205:00 pm Office:
During office hours you can find me in BBH 130 or 132
Phone: Voicemail may be left for
me at 7734426051 Web:
http://www.neiu.edu/~llsander
Evaluation
and Grading
Evaluation: 2 exams, weighted
equally: 40%
Homework
and inclass assignments: 30%
Modeling
project
paper: 10%
Capstone project: 20%
No extra credit will be given.
Grading scale: 90100% = A, 8089% = B,
7079%
= C, 6069% = D, <60% =F
Other Course Policies
Missing Work:
A score of zero points will be assigned for any missing work.
Homework
assignments may be turned in late only if approved by the instructor
before the original due date/time. Late assignments must
be submitted within one week of the original due date/time.
Missed
exams may be
made up only if approved by the instructor before the class takes the
exam. Missed exams must be made up within one week of the
original date/time.
Missed
inclass work
cannot be made up.
Missed
labs
may be made up only if they do not involve a physical laboratory
setup, and only if approved by the instructor in advance of the
original due date/time.
Assessments:
Students must
participate
in all assessment activities. I want to
learn
how well certain concepts are getting across and how the class is
feeling
about the material and the course as we go along. At the end of
some class periods, you will assess this, usually anonymously. Assessment questions will help me find out how well the day's
outcomes were achieved. This may be done in the form of an
ungraded
quiztype question, a concept map, or surveytype questions. This
information will help me to determine the extent to which the course is
meeting its goals. To provide me with the most information so
that
I can make the course better, I ask that you give me your most
thoughtful,
honest feedback the more, the better.
Academic integrity:
The
NEIU
policy on
academic
integrity will be strictly enforced. A
site
from Indiana University explains and gives examples of
plagiarism
and provides helpful tips on how to avoid it.
Flexibility:
This outline will
change
as the semester evolves. Please allow for flexibility in topics
and
assignments. Check frequently for updates!
