**What should you bring to this course?**

If you are an undergraduate, you should come into this course with the ability to do the following:

w List
the
three major classes of rocks.

w List two
types of rock that belong to each of the major classes, and give
examples
of each.

w List the
major types of sediments in order of descending grain size.

w Tell what
type of rock each type of sediment would form, if lithified.

w Draw a
diagram illustrating the processes and products of the rock cycle.

w Name and
describe the two major types of weathering processes.

w List and
describe three major types of glacial deposits, and describe how they
form.

w Use a
topographic
map to investigate and describe the topography of an area.

w Use a
topographic map to determine what direction a stream flows.

w Use a
topographic map to tell what direction is downhill from a given point.

w Given
elevation values at several data points, construct a simple topographic
contour map.

w Given
a point on a map, use the Public Land Survey system (Township, Range,
and
Section) to tell its

geographic location.

w Given
the Township, Range, and Section of a point, plot it on a topographic
map.

w Use a
topographic map to construct a topographic profile.

w Give
and
use the geometric formulas for area of a rectangle, triangle, and
circle.

w Give and
use the geometric formulas for the volume of a rectangular solid and a
cylinder.

w Give the
general formula for a graph of a straight line and explain what each
variable
in the formula means.

w Given
a simple algebraic formula containing several variables, rearrange the
formula to solve for each variable. (For example, if 2y = 3x + 5,
rearrange the formula to solve for x, and then rearrange it to solve
for
y.)

w Write
a number both in scientific notation and in normal format.

w Raise
a number to an exponential power.

Grad students are expected to have a deeper understanding of stratigraphy (in particular glacial geologic stratigraphy); the geologic time scale; interpretation of geologic history of an area from geologic data such as maps, drillhole data, and outcrop descriptions; methods for constructing and reading geologic cross sections; use of geologic maps; construction and use of topographic maps; algebraic manipulation; use of logarithms; graphing; and basic calculus notation.

Department of Earth Science | Northeastern Illinois University

*© 2005 Laura L.
Sanders.
Last updated August 29, 2005.*