Department of Earth Science |Northeastern Illinois University

PRINCIPLES OF HYDROGEOLOGY
ESCI 337
Fall, 2005

What should you bring to this course?

If you are an undergraduate, you should come into this course with the ability to do the following:

w List the three major classes of rocks.
w List two types of rock that belong to each of the major classes, and give examples of each.
w List the major types of sediments in order of descending grain size.
w Tell what type of rock each type of sediment would form, if lithified.
w Draw a diagram illustrating the processes and products of the rock cycle.
w Name and describe the two major types of weathering processes.
w List and describe three major types of glacial deposits, and describe how they form.

w Use a topographic map to investigate and describe the topography of an area.
w Use a topographic map to determine what direction a stream flows.
w Use a topographic map to tell what direction is downhill from a given point.
w Given elevation values at several data points, construct a simple topographic contour map.
w Given a point on a map, use the Public Land Survey system (Township, Range, and Section) to tell its
geographic location.
w Given the Township, Range, and Section of a point, plot it on a topographic map.
w Use a topographic map to construct a topographic profile.

w Give and use the geometric formulas for area of a rectangle, triangle, and circle.
w Give and use the geometric formulas for the volume of a rectangular solid and a cylinder.
w Give the general formula for a graph of a straight line and explain what each variable in the formula means.
w Given a simple algebraic formula containing several variables, rearrange the formula to solve for each variable.  (For example, if 2y = 3x + 5, rearrange the formula to solve for x, and then rearrange it to solve for y.)
w Write a number both in scientific notation and in normal format.
w Raise a number to an exponential power.

Grad students are expected to have a deeper understanding of stratigraphy (in particular glacial geologic stratigraphy); the geologic time scale; interpretation of geologic history of an area from geologic data such as maps, drillhole data, and outcrop descriptions; methods for constructing and reading geologic cross sections; use of geologic maps; construction and use of topographic maps; algebraic manipulation; use of logarithms; graphing; and basic calculus notation.

Department of Earth Science | Northeastern Illinois University

© 2005 Laura L. Sanders.  Last updated August 29, 2005.