INTRO TO EARTH SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION TO EARTH SCIENCE
By the end of
today's class, you should be able to do the
and describe the steps involved in forming a
sedimentary rock from a pre-existing rock.
Explain the terms weathering, erosion,
transport, deposition, compaction, cementation,
and lithification as they
apply to the formation of sedimentary rocks.
Differentiate between chemical sediments and
clastic (detrital) sediments.
List three kinds of clastic (detrital)
sediments, and four kinds of chemical sediments.
List and describe examples of mechanical
weathering and chemical weathering,
and describe the products of each.
List the major processes by which sediments are
Explain why sedimentary rocks often exhibit
layering, and why they may contain
Describe the two most important processes by
which lithification occurs.
Using a mineral identification key, demonstrate
that you can recognize and describe the mineral
properties of hand samples of calcite, dolomite,
gypsum, halite, and quartz.
Using a rock key, demonstrate that you can
recognize, explain the formation of, and
describe the characteristics of hand samples of
shale, sandstone, conglomerate, limestone,
dolostone (rock dolomite), gypsum (rock gypsum),
and rock salt.
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