CHICAGO ROCKS! Geology in the City
ESCI 109, Section 01
Review for Exam #1 (October 6, 2009) Dr. Sanders
The exam will cover everything we have covered in the class periods and readings. This review sheet was constructed as a convenience only!
w You are responsible for Chapters 1-3, 5-6, 11-13, and 15-17 in the "College Success Strategies" textbook.
w List the requirements for this course.
w On the web, navigate to the web page for the course, and
□ find the daily objectives
□ find the homework assignments.
w Know the names of at least 5 of your classmates.
w Know the name of our class' Peer Mentor, how to contact her, and what she contributes to this course.
w Describe the goals of a First-Year Experience course.
w List, describe, and demonstrate the four methods given in the textbook for taking notes.
w For each of the four note-taking methods described, tell in what classroom situations it would be appropriate.
w Describe the difference between annotating a text, and taking notes from a lecture.
w List and describe strategies for annotating science textbooks and articles.
w Describe the contouring method for representing a three-dimensional landform on a two-dimensional map.
w Explain the difference between profile (side) view and map or plan (bird's eye) view, when representing a landform.
w Demonstrate that you can sketch a contour map to represent a variety of common landforms: hill, elongate hill, plain, gentle slope, steep slope, closed depression.
w For a given set of rock samples, write a list of descriptive words.
w Demonstrate that you know how to use a geologic hand lens effectively.
w List the three major types of rocks and explain briefly how each type forms.
w For each of the three major rock types, list characteristics that will help you identify them when you see them again.
w Demonstrate that you can select and effectively use an appropriate and complete record-keeping method for a science lecture.
w Read the Schedule of Classes exam schedule to find the date and time of an exam for a given class.
w List the four major groups of clastic sediments, and explain their unique characteristics.
w Describe the type of sediment that makes up the sedimentary rock limestone.
w Interpret the "Check Grading System" (document by J. Hemzacek) used for certain assignments in this course.
w Describe the rock dolostone (also known as dolomite) and explain and demonstrate how a geologist might recognize it in the field.
w Conduct a scientific examination of a soil sample, and describe the sample in terms of its important properties.
w Explain what a soil texture triangle illustrates, and tell how to use it.
w Explain the difference between bedrock, sediments, and soil in terms of their physical characteristics and where you might typically find each one in relation to the others.
w Explain how bedrock, sediments, and soil might be used as geologic resources.
w Locate the prerequisites for any course in the NEIU catalog.
w Give the requirements for any major or minor field at NEIU.
w Determine a sequence of courses that lead to completion of degree requirements, including major, minor, General Education, and other requirements.
w Create an academic plan for yourself.
w Using a geologic map, identify areas in the Chicago region that might have geologic resources useful for the following purposes:
* gravel and large stones used in landscaping * brick-making
* concrete aggregate * generating electricity
* other purposes as discussed in class.
w List the two main weathering processes, and for each one, give several examples of that process.
w Identify signs of each of the two main weathering processes as they affect rocks (or other materials such as metal or concrete).
w Describe a rock as completely as possible. Then, break the rock open, describe its "fresh" (broken) surface, describe the difference between the exterior and interior, and point out any signs of chemical or physical weathering that might be apparent.
w Locate real world examples of the two main weathering processes, and photograph them.
w Use a street map and a topographic map to measure distances.
w Examining the weathering photos and reports (here), tell which exemplify chemical weathering and physical weathering.
w Review: Identify signs of weathering processes on rocks.
w Review: Describe characteristics of rocks that suggest the rocks' origins.
w After collecting data from cemetery markers, draw conclusions about the resistance of various types of rocks to weathering.