The modules on evidence based strategies demonstrate that:
  • Many prevention approaches that appeared to make sense did not work
  • To foster student resilience and prevention future teachers must apply one or more of the five evidence based prevention strategies that can be effectively incorporated into k-12 classes and school-wide prevention programming. These five strategies are:
    1. Engaging students in community prevention efforts,
    2. Promoting pro-social norms and behavior,
    3. Correcting misperceptions of norms,
    4. Increasing perceptions of personal risk, and
    5. Developing and enhancing life skills
Classroom diversity should be taken into account in selecting strategies that may be especially appropriate. For example:
  • A class with high achieving students may respond especially well to the strategy of increasing perceptions of personal risk. These students need to be shown that behaviors like substance abuse put their future achievement in jeopardy.
  • If the student's culture emphasizes the value of belonging to the group - to family and peers encouraging groups of students in pro-social activities and aligning individual students with pro-social groups may be an especially promising strategy.
  • Where the community has a strong history of engagement in social movements opposing injustice, teaching strategies that stress damage to the community and that attempt to engage students in community prevention may be especially effective.

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