Locke and Rousseau heavily influence American educational thought and possess radically different ideas about: As discussed in class these two theorists offer philosophical scaffolding for the common school movement.....

John Locke (1632-1704)

Ultimately, in his acceptance of the existence of God, Locke was a dualist -- though only barely so; he did not consider man to be a divine creature fixed with ideas on coming into this world. Locke was an empiricist, viz., all knowledge comes to us through experience. "No man's knowledge here can go beyond his experience." There is no such thing as innate ideas there is no such thing as moral precepts; we are born with an empty mind, with a soft tablet (tabula rasa) ready to be writ upon by experimental impressions. Beginning blank, the human mind acquires knowledge through the use of the  five senses and a process of reflection.

 Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)
God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil.