Basic Computer Skills
handout contains information on moving files
between your local drive and your Internet
account, and access to files from classroom,
lab, and home computers.
You'll need to manage files on your local computer. This will
require Windows Explorer and will include
identifying directories (folders), local drives, and networked drives
making a subdirectory
sending a file there
- finding a file there
delete a file
copy a file
move a file
rename a file
selecting multiple files
recognizing file types
Internet Skills: Printing Files
To print an entire page, File, Print (if printing a frames page, the last
frame clicked will print)
or right-click Open in New Window, then File, Print
To print a partial page, Print Preview, note the pages desired, and Print...
To print a single image, right-click, View Image then File, Print
You can change the orientation from Portrait to Landscape before printing
- To copy a web page, File, Save As...
To copy an image right-click, Save Image As...
To copy a hyperlinked file, such as a program file that is linked, right-click,
Save Link As...
- Copy any text block as follows.
- click-and-drag over text block
- CTRL+C to copy it into memory
- change program
- CTRL+V to paste
Moving files from local to Unix drive
- Moving files from the local drive to the worldwide web is a little more
an NEIU student, you should already have a UNIX account to which you can
- By now you probably know about NEIUport, your NetID is typically
your first initial, your middle initial, and six letters of
ejhowens). I think you can get your password from NEIUport with
your PIN number. Change your password in NEIUport.
- Find out more about NEIUport and passwords HERE.
- You may not know that you have personal space on the University's server.
This computer, in the Classroom building, is huge. It does not run Windows,
it uses a DOS-like operating system called UNIX. Your space on the server
is in a sub-sub-sub-sub folder which ends in your NetID. I'll refer to it
as your UNIX folder and I'll tell you how to copy things to and
from it. First you must understand about one special subfolder there, called
"http". This looks and behaves like any folder you might find on the hard
drive of your computer -- you can put files and sub-folder there move, rename,
delete and copy them. But anything in the http folder is "published" on the
worldwide web. Put a map there and Sven in Helsinki can take a look at it;
it'll be found by web crawlers spiders and robots and it may appear one day
in a google search.
Copy files one of two ways. One is quick, the other is secure. First the
quick one. Use either Windows Explorer or Internet Explorer and type, in
the location bar the following code: ftp://NetID@ftp.neiu.edu , where NetID
is your own NetID. You'll be prompted for your password and then it will
drop an "ftp" folder into your Explorer bar which will hook into your UNIX
accoung.. Copy to and from it just the way you would if it was another directory
drive. It's not so secure, however -- you should use it only when you have
sole access to the computer (or if you are trusting). It occasionally bypasses
the password step and sometimes even remembers your NetID.
The second way is to use an FTP program -- File Transfer Protocol. There
are many good free ones -- anything with FTP in it is this kind of program.
You may need to indicate the port is 21, the host is ftp.neiu.edu, and then
give your NetID and password. I recommend CoreFTP but they're all good. There's
no reason to not use the SSH setting, which will make the session even more
- If you are just copying files up for your own use, make a directory in
your UNIX account and copy your files there. You may make multiple
subdirectories and all files in them will be locked to anyone without your
NetID and password. They'll be able to see the file names.
- In your UNIX "http" directory you're likely to find a default file called
If it does, this will effectively block anything you publish, so you
have to delete that file. Home.htm, home.html, index.htm, or index.html (or
in any upper/lower case combination) will become the default page for
that folder. It's a nuisance; delete it. Dont' make a file by these names
this term; it will block me from your homework.
After copying files to your http directory always verify that
they look the way you intended. Here's how. Open your browser and type http://www.neiu.edu/~NetID
, where NetID is your id. You will see the files and folders in your http
folder. Click on them and they will open if they are a format recognized
by your browser. Right-click on them to copy them to your local computer.
Backing up your work
Do this regularly. If you don't have jump drive get one, but don't
keep your only copy of anything important on it. Have you ever lost a pencil?
One good technique is to save the file immediately
under the assignment name as you begin to work. In both S242 and S252 you
save to the C:/temp/ directory or directories you create there. After
the first Save As... periodically select Save. That will overwrite
the saved copy with a fresh one. You should know that if the computer
in S242 (the smart classroom) shuts down the C:\temp\* drives are immediately
you might want to save copies with the date or time (e.g., 6_12_3.cdr)
so if the file goes bad you have backups at several stages. That
is probably not necessary in this class.
In S252 all the computers have CDR drives and you may use a CD-R or CD-RW
to hold all your work. Use DirectCD or the program
every station. Losing your work won't necessarily get you more time to do it.
You can count on my sympathy, though.
Smart Classroom (S242)
The C: drives are local
- Networked drives, including the P: drive is "public" and accessible
in all computer labs on campus. I put files there in the G&ES_377 folder.
Students can only write to the C:\temp\ subdirectory, and directories within
that one (or My Documents)
When the computers are shut down (or power off), the entire C:\temp\ structure
- The room is accessible only during class times.
Computer Cartography Lab (S-252)
Access from Home
You can use either method to FTP files to/from your UNIX directory from anywhere
with Internet access.
If you don't have a telnet program, try putty.
Use Windows Explorer or an FTP program to copy files to your
Howenstine -- Geography & Environmental Studies 1997-2008
Northeastern Illinois University: (773)
442-5647 Email: E-Howenstine@neiu.edu