Trumbull Park Housing Project a.k.a. Trumbull
<> Located in South Deering, the second
largest community in area out of Chicago's 77 communities, the
which they are better known as, were constructed under the auspices of
the federal government. The homes were not intended to be built where
stand today. The original building site for the projects was the F.J.
Subdivision on the East Side of Chicago. The Federal Housing Division
the South Deering Improvement Association (SDIA) after the Lewis site
rejected. The SDIA found a vacant area of appx. 21 acres of land south
of Trumbull Park, extending from Bensley to Oglesby and 106th Street to
109th Street. There was a big controversy over putting public housing
Irondale but eventually died down and in 1938, for $3,250,000,
land and buildings, the area was bought by the Public Works
(PWA) and then leased to the Chicago Housing Administration
Trumbull Park Homes Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
Architects for the Projects included
John Armstrong, John Holabird, Elmir Jensen, Philip Maher, and
The Projects held plans for 460 living units in 2-story group houses,
and 4-story apartments. It was to be a low-rise construction project,
seemed more "successful" then high-rise projects such as Cabrini Green.
It was also to occupy no more than 20% of the site and the remainder of
the area was left open for landscaping such as parks, trails, etc.
homes were needed as well as 680,000 each year due to a housing
from the Great Depression.
The Projects originally was a white
dominated area. In 1940 there were no other minorities living in the
Though there was a "No Color Line" policy passed, the black population
did not enter the Trumbull Park Homes until 1953. When the black
did enter, there seemed to be no attempt by the city's officials to to
prepare the community, which may have helped in fueling the anger in
the Trumbull Park
Riots. In 1954, 5 black families moved into the Trumbull Park
Project which angered the completely white population. Many of the
home owners in Irondale began staging spontaneous attacks, rioting, and
bombing on the miniscule black population for 6 months. After the riots
were over the families continued to live there and eventually more
families began to enter the Projects.
These riots as well as other factors
brought the community into bad light. From 1954, the black population
trippled and is now predominatly a community of minorities. Though the
Projects are currently considered a low-class community, it is full of
Click on the links at the left to tour
Chicago's Deering Community.